Voles and Mice

    Site written by
Richard Wedge

Site Contents Map

Discussion Board
Voles.com Forum
Main Pages
Field Mouse
Vole Poison

Vole Species
   Meadow Vole
   Florida Salt Marsh Vole
   Arctic Voles
   Southern Red-back Voles
   Bank Vole
   Water Vole
   Prairie Vole
   CA Vole
   Red-backed Vole
   Snow Vole

Vole FAQ
   What a Vole Looks Like
   What do Voles Eat
   What is a Vole
   Mole & Vole Difference

Vole Control

How to get rid of Voles
   How to Kill Voles

Vole Picture
Field Mice Classification

Page Index A to Z
Contact us
This Site Translated

An Eastern Meadow Vole

Pages on voles, AKA meadow mice or field mice depending upon what part of the world you live in. Pages devoted to the classification & behaviour of the vole, as well as useful advice on how to control vole populations and damage.

Welcome to Voles.com

The Prairie Vole.
Voles, often called "meadow mice", occupy a wide variety of habitats, depending on the species. Generally, voles prefer areas with heavy ground cover of grasses, grass-like plants, or litter. They are active both day and night and throughout the year. Voles eat a variety of plants and animals. They frequently forage on grasses, forbs, roots, bulbs, tubers, bark, snails, and insects. To find food, voles construct tunnels and surface runways with many burrow openings. Several adults and young can live in these runway systems. This intricate network of tunnels and burrows provide voles with excellent shelter from the weather and protection from predators. Voles store seeds and other plant matter in underground chambers.

The Meadow Vole.
Although voles spend considerable time aboveground and may occasionally be seen scurrying about, most of their time is spent below ground in their burrow system. The clearest signs of their presence are the well-travelled, aboveground runways that connect burrow openings; the runways are usually hidden beneath a protective layer of grass or other ground cover. The maze of runways leads to multiple open burrows that are each about 11/2 to 2 inches in diameter. The runways are easily found by pulling back overhanging ground cover. Fresh clippings of green grass and greenish-color droppings about 3/16 inch long in the runways and near the burrows are further evidence of voles.

Voles are poor climbers and do not usually enter homes or other buildings. Instead, they inhabit wild lands or croplands adjacent to buildings, or gardens and landscaped sites with protective ground cover. Most problems around homes and gardens occur during times of large meadow mouse populations.
New born vole offspring.
Voles usually live between 2 and 16 months. Their home ranges usually are less than 1/4 acre and vary with season, food supply and population density. Population densities of voles vary from species to species. Large population fluctuations that range from 14 to 500 voles per acre are common. Their numbers generally peak every 3 to 5 years. Factors that influence population levels include dispersal rates, food quality, climate, predation, physiological stress, and genetics.

Voles breed throughout the year, with peaks occurring during spring and summer. Voles can produce 3 to 12 litters per year with 3 to 5 being average. Litters range in size from 1 to 11 young per litter, with 3 to 6 being the average. Although gestation periods vary slightly among species, 21 days is the average length of gestation for voles. Young are weaned by the time they are 21 days old, and females are sexually mature within 40 days.

Field MouseField Mouse - The field mouse is the name given to a number of different species of voles and mice. Lots of field mouse information, links and pictures of field mice.

Vole PoisonVole Poison - Rodenticides like zinc phosphide come in pellets that can be spot baited or broadcast. Plus the pros and cons of using vole poison and links to more information.

Vole SpeciesVole Species - Approximately 70 vole species have been discovered which include: meadow Vole, Florida salt marsh vole, Arctic voles, southern red-back voles, bank vole, water vole, CA vole and red-backed vole.

Vole FAQVole FAQ - Vole FAQ like 'what does a vole look like' 'what do voles eat', 'what is a vole', 'what is the difference between a mole and a vole', 'what countries do voles live in' & 'how long does the meadow vole live are answered here.

Vole ControlVole Control - The signs to look out for when vole populations are becoming a problem, like tree damage, runways in lawns, nests and chewed fruit. Plus advice on what vole control methods can be implemented.

How to get rid of VolesHow to get rid of Voles - Methods and products that can be used to combat vole infestation. Such as habitat elimination, mouse guards, trapping and chemical repellents. Also links to more advice on how to get rid of voles.

Vole PictureVole Picture - A number of different vole pictures showing various species of vole, including Meadow Voles, Field Voles, Bank Voles, Heather Voles and Prairie Voles.

Field Mice ClassificationField Mice Classification - Different field mice species characteristics and how they are labelled under the term 'Field Mouse'. Also pictures and links related to field mice classification.

Vole SkeletonVole Skeleton - Vole bones can be dissected from owl pellets & assembled to form whole vole skeletons. Owls are amongst voles' most common predators & eat their prey whole so dissecting their pellets is the best way to find a vole skeleton.

Vole HabitatVole Habitat - Vole habitats are surprisingly diverse. While common species like the meadow vole occupy grassland, species like the Florida salt marsh vole and the red tree vole live in specialised vole habitats.

Meadow Vole Life CycleMeadow Vole Life Cycle - The meadow vole life cycle is one of the shortest of all mammals with the average life expectancy being only a month. The short meadow vole life cycle means that population numbers are inconsistent from one year to the next.

Vole MagazineVole Magazine - Vole magazine was an environmentalist publication that was founded in the late 1970s by Richard Boston. It was funded by Monty Python's Flying Circus member Terry Jones and had many famous contributors.

The most relevant links we could find, placed here free

Alaska Department - Voles in Alaska. A variety of details about voles, things like their diet, population etc. www.adfg.alaska.gov

Site structure created by Neil Villette Site written by Richard Wedge